Magnolia acuminata. It is a large forest tree of the Eastern United States and Southern Ontario in Canada. They grow best in deep, moist, well-drained soils that are slightly acidic although they are tolerant of alkaline soils. It is in flower from May to July. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) – This is a very large native tree (50 to 70 feet tall, 40 to 60 feet wide). 8. The flowers are primrose-yellow, in late spring. Afterwards, cross-pollinated flowers produce compoundfruits that are 1½-3" long, oblongloid in shape, and glabrous. He crossed the yulan, Magnolia denudata, with the mu-lan, Magnolia liliiflora. Cucumbertree Magnolia Growing and Maintenance Tips. The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. acuminata ssp. Very few disease and insect problems. Cucumber trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, though they are not recommended for use as street trees. May take 12 or more years before first blooms appear. Magnolia, CucumbertreeMagnolia acuminata. Magnolia acuminata 'Yellow Bird' Sku #6019 Bright canary yellow 3 1/2 inch flowers appear more dependably since they emerge with the foliage late in the spring after the danger of frosts. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. More About Magnolia acuminata Pyramidal when young, matures with a straight trunk and a rounded crown Greenish-yellow flowers bloom high in the tree Cylindrical bunches of seeds, (cucumbers) are green in late summer, ripening red, drying brown Unlike most magnolias, the flowers are not showy. General Information Scientific name: Magnolia acuminataPronunciation: mag-NO-lee-uh ack-yoo-mih-NAY-tuhCommon name(s): Cucumbertree, Cucumber MagnoliaFamily: MagnoliaceaeUSDA hardiness zones: 3B through 8B (Fig. Magnolia Acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Citation: MAGNOLIA ACUMINATA (Linnaeus) Linnaeus, Syst. In all scenarios, it will add outstanding interest to the spring landscape, in your flower beds, as a border plant or grown as a flowering tree or hedge. It’s believed that the magnolia tree produces the largest flower that is 14 inches across. Cucumber tree is a straight-trunked tree that typically grows 40-70’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with a pyramidal crown. The stems are also more hairy than the species. It is in flower from May to July. 'Variegata' Leaves handsomely blotched with golden yellow. They can become quite massive: the United States national (and presumed world) champion in Stark County, Ohio measures eight feet (2.4 m) in diameter and 96 ft (29 m) tall. It flowers after the acuminata x denudata hybrid 'Elizabeth' ---- hence the name. This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. 9. The magnolia tree can either be deciduous or evergreen. Masses of goblet-shaped, lemon-yellow flowers, 3 in. The Cucumber Magnolia also known as the Yellow Magnolia develops a pyramidal shape with broad spreading branches reaching 50-80 ft. and produces a slightly fragrant greenish yellow flower in the Spring that shows a small knobby fruit resembling a cucumber with pinkish red seeds. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Magnolia_acuminata&oldid=980122461, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 September 2020, at 18:48.  In 1993 The North American Native Plant Society purchased Shining Tree Woods to preserve a stand of Magnolia acuminata, which is also known as "The Shining Tree". Magnolia acuminata; Multilingual Garden Plant Encyclopedia - Garden-en.com is the database of garden plants. It is the only magnolia that is native to Missouri where it typically occurs in moist soils in wooded valleys, bluff bases and thickets along the Mississippi River in the far southern part of the state (Steyermark). It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves. Flower, leaf and cone of the cucumber tree, Magnolia acuminata. It has small, inconspicuous flowers, light green leaves (6 to 10 inches long) and unusual cucumber-shaped fruit, which turns from a bright green to red in autumn. Magnolia brooklynensis "Judy Zuk" - Judy Zuk magnolia: 3 gallon Magnolia ‘Yellow Bird’ has deeper yellow flowers but is pretty leafy when it blooms. Flowers are followed by pink fruits with a rosy hue. (2000). Magnolia acuminata acuminata Big tree, native to North America. The blooms are sweetly scented with a fragrance reminiscent of anise, giving the tree its common name, though it is also sometimes known as the willow-leafed magnolia, due to the willow-like foliage. Magnolia acuminata . Mountain Magnolia ... pubescent, covered (as with all magnolias) by a single keeled scale. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. 1759. Update COSEWIC Status Report on the Cucumber Tree, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193896A2289975.en, "Hunnewell Building, spring, magnolia, 1986. TUAC2: Tulipastrum acuminatum (L.) Small: TUCO2: Tulipastrum cordatum (Michx.) 2)Origin: native to North AmericaInvasive potential: little invasive potentialUses: specimen; shadeAvailability: somewhat available, may have to go out of the region to … Flower and fruit: Three-inch flowers are yellow-green and blend with new foliage. H. Clay Smith. Buds have silky, pale green hairs. Image via cosmin.tanase Origins of magnolia flower. Magnolia ‘Elizabeth’, also bred by Dr. Sperber, was the first precocious yellow-flowering magnolia. Cucumber trees are excellent shade trees for parks and gardens, though they are not recommended for use as street trees. The flowers are up to 5" across, and the plant is an upright grower to 20' tall. Image Tom Christian. 35 (4)). Portland, Oregon:Timber Press, White, D.J. You may even end up with stripes of pink and yellow which, although unusual, would look quite horrid. Unusually, this magnolia prefers a shaded position, compared to most other magnolias, which like a combination of full sun and partial shade. Leaves are alternate, simple, and dark green. The cucumber tree is native primarily within the Appalachian belt, including the Allegheny Plateau and Cumberland Plateau, up to western Pennsylvania and New York. Salem, Oregon: Bush Prairie Park, in garden east of Bush House. Magnolia virginiana: This is because the three-inch long flowers are yellow-green in hue and tend to blend in with the trees foliage. Habitat. They can become quite massive: the United States national (and presumed world) champion in Stark County, Ohio measures eight feet (2.4 m) in diameter and 96 ft (29 m) tall. Fossilized specimens of M. acuminata have been found dating to 20 million years ago, and of plants identifiably belonging to the Magnoliaceae date to 95 million years ago. Cucumber-Tree is a deciduous medium-sized tree common in the Mountains, rare in the Piedmont of North Carolina. A Magnolia acuminata flower, photographed at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in late May 2017. 10. Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. Nat., ed. Informations about plants (mature hight, colour, This is a medium-sized tree that blooms from mid spring to early summer. Nat., ed. The distinctive, thin leaf has a sharply pointed end. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. across (7 cm), appear in late spring as the new leaves emerge. Parks. Intolerant of most urban pollutants. Young bark is relatively smooth gray, changing to ridged and furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures. It is reported to be very free-flowering (Rhododendrons 1984/5, p. 51, reprinted from Plants and Gardens, Vol. Best grown in a slightly acidic soil and is intolerant of drought, excessive moisture, and pollution. 13.07.2019 - Details about Magnolia Acuminata – Yellow Flower – Rare Tropical Plant Tree Seeds (10) Magnolia Acuminata – Gelbe Blume – seltene tropische Pflanze Baumsamen (10) Magnolia is named after the French botanist Pierre Magnol. Though hybrid yellow magnolias often flower on bare wood before the leaves emerge, these specimens cleaved more to the innate property of one of the parents of all yellow magnolias, the native North American cucumber magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) to flower simultaneously with leaf emergence. In fact, the sweet scent of the flower is a product of evolution as an attempt to attract the beetles. Grows with an upright, pyramidal habit up to 25-30 ft. tall (7-9 m) and 10-15 ft. wide (3-5 m) The video shows how to grow magnolia tree from cuttings in a pot. Yellow green flowers appearing after the leaves. Flowers have greenish yellow petals (5-7.5 cm long), borne solitary, not very showy. ‘Brenas’ has deep yellow flowers, ‘Koban Dori’ is canary yellow, and M. acuminata subcordata has big flowers with a lemony fragrance. Magnolia acuminata has been used in hybridizing new varieties that share its yellow flower color and cold hardiness. Magnolia is a very old plant. In the timber trade, the wood of this tree is interchangeable with that of the related tuliptree (Liriodendron tulipifera). The oldest fossil of Magnolia comes from the subspecies Magnolia acuminata which dated back as far as 20 million years ago. The name Cucumber Tree refers to the unripe fruit, which is green and often shaped like a small cucumber; the fruit matures to a dark red color and is 6–8 cm long and 4 cm broad, with the individual carpels splitting open to release the bright red seeds, 10-60 per fruit. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. Cucumber tree magnolias (Magnolia acuminata) are hardy varietals grown more for their foliage rather than their blooms. Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word "cucumbertree"), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest. The leaves have nice yellow-gold fall color. acuminata : a long point, the leaves. +Enlarge. 7. The ivory chalice shown below is a cross between a Magnolia acuminata and a Magnolia denudata. Young bark is relatively smooth gray, changing to ridged and furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures. It has several highly valued traits inherited from its parents: M. acuminata (a.k.a. The leaves are similar to other deciduous Magnolias, particularly the Umbrella-Tree (Magnolia tripetala), but are a bit shorter, more broadly ovate, thicker, and are not clustered at the ends of branches.. Alleghany Co., NC 5/31/2009. Magnolia acuminata L.. Cucumbertree. Common name: Cucumber Magnolia . Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata) is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. In late spring to early summer, tulip-shaped, slightly fragrant, yellowish-green flowers, 2-4 in. Magnolia, Cucumbertree. ... south, east, west Flower color spring: yellow, green Flowering period: Spring Foliage color autumn: green Foliage color spring: green ... (Small-flowered magnolia, Oyama magnolia, Magnolia parviflora, Siebold's magnolia, Korean mountain magnolia… Medium to fast growth rate. This magnolia species can grow to heights of 60 to 80 feet tall, and in the summer months, it produces flowers in shades of yellow and yellow-green. 1759. Trunk diameter of mature trees can reach 3-4’, with furrowed dark gray-brown bark. Leaves may scorch during summer in dry sites. Rank A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. It is a deciduous magnolia and medium in size with a height range between … Buds have silky, pale green hairs. These trees are stately as adults, especially when the lower limbs have been pruned to prevent them from dragging. Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word "cucumbertree"), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest.It is a large forest tree of the Eastern United States and Southern Ontario in Canada. In cultivation, they typically only grow 15–20 m (49–66 ft) tall, although they reach over 30 m (98 ft) in ideal forest situations. ‘Butterflies’ is a deciduous hybrid magnolia resulting from a cross between M. acuminata (seed parent) and M. denudata (pollen parent). Magnolia acuminata Cucumbertree Magnolia Magnoliaceae. 6. Magnolia 'After Elizabeth' is a seedling of unknown parentage. To avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the carpels of Magnolia flowers are extremely tough. The trunk and flowers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. To avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the … Magnolia acuminata. Plant as an accent or specimen. The flowers are 'V' shaped and cream-colored near the top and streaked with purplish-red near the base. They are typically small, yellow-green, and borne high in the tree in April through June. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. Basionym: Magnolia virginiana Linnaeus, var. Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more Add this stunning tree to your landscape with the variety from Willis Orchards! This tree likes to grow in moist conditions, though it will not tolerate wet or soggy soil. Sections of timber from The American Woods, 1880 accession (#15154*D), Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, For other trees with the shared common name cucumber tree, see, Sternberg, G., & Wilson, J. Magnolias are resistant to most diseases and pests. This is a deciduous magnolia that produces slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers (2-4” long) at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-like fruits (seedcones) that follow the flowers. acuminata Linnaeus 1753. Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. var. Handcolored stipple engraving from a botanical illustration by Pancrace Bessa, engraved on copper by Gabriel, from Francois Andre Michaux's 'North American Sylva,' Philadelphia, 1857. A Magnolia acuminata flower, photographed at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh in late May 2017. They come in two forms, acuminate at both ends, or moderately cordate at the base (these are usually only formed high in the tree). cucumbertree Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. symbol: MAAC. This is a deciduous magnolia that produces slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers (2-4” long) at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-like fruits (seedcones) that follow the flowers. One of the few magnolias that will serve as a shade or lawn tree. Needs a large space. Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), also called cucumber magnolia, yellow cucumbertree, yellow-flower magnolia, and mountain magnolia, is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. The immature green fruit resembles a … Small: Classification. Unlike most magnolias, this tree often produces respectable fall color (gold).Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715).Specific epithet means pointed at the tip. subcordata (synonym M. cordata). Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210 species named after botanist Pierre Magnol. The ripe fruit is a striking reddish orange color. Newly planted in the gardens here, Magnolia acuminata 'Blue Opal' has unusual blueish-green flower buds which gradually open to reveal dark yellow petals.Grows as a shrub in the short term or eventually a small tree. Cone-like fruits mature to a showy red in late summer, releasing individual red coated seeds suspended on slender threads at maturity. 10. Magnolia: after Pierre Magnol (1638-1715), professor of botany at Montpellier. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Beetles. Generally intolerant of soil extremes (dry or wet). Unlike most magnolia, which are grown as a multi-stemmed form, cucumbertree magnolia has a straight trunk. Perfect, slightly fragrant greenish-yellow flowers bloom high upon the tree in May to early June with pinkish red fruit resembling a cucumber. The leaves are deciduous simple and alternate, oval to oblong, 12–25 cm long and 6–12 cm wide, with smooth margins and downy on the underside. It is noted for its non-fading yellow flowers, late vegetative growth, compact pyramidal form and hardiness to both heat and cold. It is the only magnolia that is native to Missouri where it typically occurs in moist soils in wooded valleys, bluff bases and thickets along the Mississippi River in the far southern part of the state (Steyermark). Native Trees for North American Landscapes. It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves.. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. A hybrid of Magnolia acuminata and M. liliiflora; with large 4" flowers that are a mix of green, yellow, pink and purple and possibly tan.
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