The Mustelidae (/ m ʌ ˈ s t ɛ l ɪ d iː /; from Latin mustela, weasel) are a family of carnivorous mammals, including weasels, badgers, otters, ferrets, martens, minks, and wolverines, among others. Japanese weasels are carnivores. As a result, there is confusion over which animal is being referred to in many stories. Habitat Weasels can live in different habitat, including lowlands, farmlands, woods, and hedges. Birds. Appearance: Like birds and spiders, many other animals develop into yōkai when they reach a certain age. It is located between 30° to about 45° North latitude and … Though itachi can transform, they prefer to use other kinds of magicâusually with unfortunate results for their targets. Japanese macaque. This is a green pheasant, a bird found only in Japan. The Japanese weasel (Mustela itatsi) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the genus Mustela in the family Mustelidae.The closest phylogenetically Mustela species is the Siberian weasel (Mustela sibirica).Its taxonomic species name, itatsi, is a corruption of the Japanese word for weasel, itachi (イタチ). The countries that are in this biome are Northeast China and North Korea. Additionally, the names ten and itachi were often used interchangeably. Weasels have long, slim bodies. Their faces are pointed, with small eyes and ears. Japanese shrew mole. What to Pack: Japan can have freezing winters, depending on where you visit, which means winter staples like a heavy coat, a scarf, gloves, and hat, are all must-packs. Both female and male Japanese marten are territorial, and the extent of each individual's territory depends on the availability of food. Japanese Weasel on The IUCN Red List site -, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_weasel, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/41656/45214163. Both males and females become reproductively mature at one year of age. Like most animals-turned-yÅkai, they possess shape-shifting abilities in addition to a number of supernatural powers. Alternate names:Â often referred to as ten, the Japanese marten It will use dens in trees and ground burrows (Nowak 1999). Itachi also frequently adopt the forms of other yÅkai in order to scare humans. They dig little underground caches near their den entrances and keep them stocked with leftovers. 2. They live in dens in hollow logs and tree stumps and make their hole cozy with soft feathers or grasses. Currently, this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are decreasing. Japanese weasels, known as itachi, are disconcerting animals. Japanese mountain mole. In order to conserve mammalian top predators in human-dominated landscapes, large scale habitat requirements and food habits of the Japanese weasel (Mustela itatsi) were studied using 237 faecal samples, from a 901 km 2 area in the vicinity of Mito City, Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan between 1999 and 2001. They gather together at night, climb up onto each other’s shoulders, and create huge columns of fire which erupt into whirlwinds. Mustelid, (family Mustelidae), any of about 55 species of ferrets, polecats, badgers, martens, otters, the wolverine, and other members of the weasel family. The main threat is habitat loss due to residential and commercial development. Scats of the Tsushima marten (n=1236), the Siberian weasel (n=218) and the Tsushima leopard cat (n=350) were collected monthly and the food items were determined by scat contents analysis.Marten was omnivorous showing a high level of diversity of food throughout the year. The short-tailed weasel (Mustela erminea) is the second smallest member of the weasel family. They can also be found in grasslands, villages, and suburbs, but try to avoid big cities. 2009a), it is known that the weasels use … The animal avoids very dense forests and deserts. However, species like the Japanese weasel, the Colombian weasel, and the mountain weasel are becoming near threatened and vulnerable. As they have thin fur and long bodies, the selection of a nest is important to Japanese weasels. Weasels have a lifespan of up to 2 – 3 years in the wild, up to 10 years in captivity. Japanese weasels are polygynous which means that one males mates with more than one female during the breeding season. itachi) nine forms. This photo shows a Siberian weasel at a house in Nara Prefecture. Diet:Â carnivorous; feeds on small wild animals. Japanese weasel. (2002) Food habits of introduced Japanese weasels (Mustela itatsi) and impacts on native species of Zamami Island. Species. La Touche's free-tailed bat. Weasels evolved in cold climates, and learned to use this to their advantage. Japanese weasels (Mustela itatsi) may also be seen from time to time. It lives in Honshu , Shikoku and Kyushu of Japan . They typically live in mountainous or forested areas near water. After the gestation period of about 30 days, the female gives birth to 2-12 kits, but usually 5 or 6. They are said to resemble weasels, with sharp, sickle like claws. Appearance:Â Like birds and spiders, many other animals develop into yÅkai when they reach a certain age. The Japanese weasel is endemic species occurring in three main islands (Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku) and several lesser small islands of Japan (reviewed by Masuda and Watanabe 2009).Ecological characteristics of Japanese weasels, food have been studied previously (Yukawa 1968; Otsu 1971; Asahi 1975; Higashi 1988; Fujii et al. Japanese weasels are native to Japan where they occur on the islands of HonshÅ«, KyÅ«shÅ«, and Shikoku. Their short legs have five small-clawed toes on each foot. Interactions:Â Itachi are tricksters and pranksters, but generally shy away from interaction with humans. * Where to find them: Originally distributed in woods, farmland, brushy areas and mountainous regions from Honshu to Kyushu, Japanese weasels can also be found in Hokkaido now. Japanese weasels are skilfull hunters and will chase down their prey by any means. The stoat is a small mammal closely related to weasels. The native Japanese weasel is found nationwide, while the closely related Siberian weasel has been introduced, and is now found throughout western Japan. They use their sensitive nose and ears to locate prey. When an itachi is seen standing on its hind legs it is said to be bewitching a humanâperhaps hypnotizing them into leaving out food or performing some other task for the weasel’s benefit. After the yelping cries of a group of itachi are heard, misfortune and despair always follows. The weasel is considered an invasive species in New Zealand. Japanese water shrew. The critters are yokai that hang around the Koshin’etsu region for the most part. Habitat: primarily the Japan Alps, but potentially anywhere that weasels are found Diet : carnivorous; feeds on small wild animals Appearance : The mountainous regions of Yamanashi, Nagano, and Niigata are known for a particularly meddlesome kind of itachi. Kobe mole. Their habitats range from small wooded areas to crop fields to suburban areas but do not include thick dense forests or deserts. Japanese Black Pine. Do you like this site? The last day of the year is called "Omisoka," and "Oshogatsu" is the Japanese New Year. Itachi are dangerous in groups. One of the first recorded mentions of the kamaitachi is in the Sōzan Chomon Kishū (想山著聞奇集), in the Edo Era. They typically live in mountainous or forested areas near water. Found in a range of habitats, the weasel favours good cover and plentiful prey, including woodland, grassland, sand dunes, mountains, urban areas, marshes and moors. They are found in tropical and temperate habitats in Central and North America. Its physical appearance include a reddish, brown upper fur coat with a white underbelly, which can be seen throughout most of its habitat. Translation:Â weasel Japanese sea lion. Habitat:Â found all across Japan, particularly in mountainous areas Itachi calls are also considered to be ill omens. Like the long- tailed weasel and its other relatives, the short-tailed weasel, also known as the ermine, is a predator. Their fur is orange-brown with darker markings on the head. Due to their carnivorous diet, Japanese weasels help control populations of rodents and other small animals. Food habits of three sympatric carnivore mammals in the Tsushima islands of Japan were studied during 1986–91. This species will use conifer plantations and open fields (Tatara and Doi 1994). Sekiguchi et al. Japanese mole. Distribution of the Weasel Weasels are found almost worldwide but especially in Europe, North Africa, Asia, and North America. The weasel, also known as the least weasel, has several subspecies, including the Japanese weasel, Amazon weasel, European mink, Steppe polecat, Malayan weasel, and Siberian weasel. The native population of the Japanese weasel disappears from lowlands in the western part of Japan. Accounts of their attacks vary; some claim that they attack in trios, while others claim the monsters work alone. These include: coniferous and mixed woodlands, scrub, alpine meadows, marshes, hedgerows, forest-edges, riverbanks, tundra, taiga (northern forests), forest-steppe and semi-desert. Japanese weasels are found in a wide variety of Japanese ecosystems, but primarily mountainous and forested areas near moving water. Stoats have the long, slim, and flexible bodies that are typical of the weasel family. Japanese hare. Long-tailed weasels are generally found in places which have a sizable rodent population and proximity to water. One of their favorites is the ÅnyÅ«dÅ: a colossal, bald-headed giant who terrorizes villages, destroys houses, devours livestock and even eats people. Females in this species are smaller than males. 42(2), 153-160 (in Jpn) etc. This form is used chiefly to acquire alcohol, which the weasels cannot brew. Japanese marten. Japanese raccoon dog. Japanese weasels are small carnivorous mammals native to Japan. Their diet includes mice, frogs, reptiles, insects and crayfish. There is variation between males and females in the way they select their nests as females require habitats with higher quality food than males. After this time they are fully weaned and independent. They are found in areas with abundant water, and mark their territories through a pungent secretion from their anal scent glands. They will aggressively defend their home range, especially dominant males. These animals breed from early May to late June. According to its author Miyoshi Shōzan, kamaitachi like water, they live in puddles after the rain and can be encountered when crossing rivers or playing in puddles. Japanese weasels are solitary and very territorial animals. The Japanese marten (Martes melampus) is a mammal in the marten genus most closely related to the sable.It is 0.5 m (1.5 ft) in length typically, not counting a 20-cm-long tail (7.9 in), and between 1,000 and 1,500 grams (2.2 and 3.3 lb) in weight. The short-tailed weasel occupies a wider variety of habitats than the long-tailed weasel, which includes wetlands, forests, and fields. Major habitats are plains , but in western Japan it mainly lives in mountainous areas. Japanese weasels, known as itachi, are disconcerting animals. Do you want to see even more yokai? 1998; Kaneko et al. When cornered or very frightened, these animals produce a smelly secretion from an anal gland to scare away predators. the online database of Japanese ghosts and monsters. As a result, they are mistrusted and disliked. An old phrase about animal yÅkai goes, “Kitsune nanabake, tanuki hachibake, ten kubake”âfoxes seven forms, tanuki eight forms, martens (i.e. Japanese weasels are native to Japan where they occur on the islands of Honshū, Kyūshū, and Shikoku. Translation: weasel Alternate names: often referred to as ten, the Japanese marten Habitat: found all across Japan, particularly in mountainous areas Diet: carnivorous; feeds on small wild animals. It is native to Japan where it occurs on the islands of Honshū, Kyūshū and Shikoku. Origin: In the old days, weasels were believed to transform into ten (martens) or mujina (badgers or tanuki, depending on the region) after reaching an old age. The least weasel is the world’s smallest carnivorous animal. Join yokai.com on Patreon to get new yokai every month! When an itachi changes its shape, it usually adopts the form of a young priest boy dressed in clothes that are too big for him. They will run down through the tunnels, climb trees, or even swim. Well my friend, you have just run afoul of the kamaitachi, or the sickle weasel. They are found throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, in many different habitats, from woodland and grassland to marshes and mountains. They bring ill omens, and people fear their particular brand of magic. The stoat can be found at altitudes of up to 4,050 m (13,300 ft.). 100 of the Japan's Worst Invasive Alien Species The Japanese weasel (Mustela Itatsi) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the family Mustelidae. The mother nurses her young within 8 weeks. There are hundreds of them, many harmless, many tragic, and more than a few just mischievous. Anywhere prey can go, they will follow. This is due to the need to feed both themselves and their offspring. Large Japanese field mouse. The Japanese are very much into their spirits. Japanese serow. The scientific name of Japanese weasels means âto carry off mice.â When searching for mouse runways, these little animals will investigate holes and crannies in rocks, trees, and undergrowth. Most hunting is done along rivers, but these weasels occasionally venture into grasslands or suburban areas. These animals may also suffer from competition with the introduced Siberian weasel. My books are available from Amazon.com in paperback and Kindle formats. Genus: Pinus Species: thunbergii. Japanese squirrel. They can also be found in grasslands, villages, and suburbs, but try to avoid big cities. Other forms:Â Itachi are often considered to be the most skilled shape-changing animals, possessing more forms than any other shape-changer. Habitat. Historically, skunks have also been included in Mustelidae, but genetic analyses suggest that they belong to a separate family of their own Japanese martens are found along valleys, primarily in broad-leaved forests (dominated by Quercus serrata and Castanopsis cuspidata). Mammal Sci. Japanese red-backed vole. The Japanese Black Pine's habitat is the Northeast Asian Deciduous Forest. Their nests and burrows are in rock piles, hollow logs and under barns. The fur on the throat is usually white in color. Yakushima - Wikipedia According to Meisan Shojiki Ōrai (名産諸色往来) published in 1760, the meat of wild dog was sold along with boar, deer, fox, wolf, bear, raccoon dog, otter, weasel and cat in some regions of Edo. Habitat Japanese Weasels can be found in Japan and Sakhalin Island, Russia. Habitat of the Weasel Because of their wide diet range, weasels live in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, hedgerows, long grass, and walls. Japanese weasels are active during the day and night. The IUCN Red List and other sources do not provide the Japanese weasel total population size. Habitat. These are frequently blamed for starting conflagrations which can burn down entire towns.