In its natural state, the St. Clair River had depths of 20 feet or more throughout most of its length, excluding isolated shoals. Transitional species are abundant in the low-lying regions, categorized as shrub ecotones, wet meadows, sedge marshes, and island shorelines and beaches. Many of the 19th-century English immigrants to this area came from Lincolnshire, England, where sugar beets were a major commodity crop in the 19th and 20th centuries. During the mid-19th century and later, wooden ships built at Port Huron and Marine City, Michigan, carried immigrants up the river and west through the upper Great Lakes on their way to new homes in the American West. Intensive development has occurred in and near the adjacent cities of Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario, at the northern end of the river. It is roughly halfway between the mouth of the St. Clair river and the head of the Detroit River. PROVISIONAL DATA SUBJECT TO REVISION. The islands in the delta form popular summer resorts, the largest being Harsens Island, Mich., and Walpole, Ont. The river is 39 miles long and drops 5 feet in elevation from Lake Huron to Lake St. Clair. The flow rate averages around 182,000 cubic feet per second (5,200 m /s), and the drainage area is 223,600 square miles (579,000 km ). The St. Clair delta is the worldâs largest delta that enters a freshwater lake. St. Clair State Police, 9. The lake has a greatest natural depth of 21 feet. Built: 1975, Bay Shipbuilding Co., Sturgeon Bay, WI Length: 770'00" Beam: 92'00" Depth: 52'00" Midsummer Draft: 30'01" Carrying Capacity: 44,800 tons Engine Power: 10,800 bhp (diesel) Speed (average): 14.5 knots (16.7 mph) Port of Registry: Wilmington, Delaware Previous Names/Owners: St. Clair (American Steamship Co., 1975-present) Note: In February 2019, St. Clair suffered a …  Like a strait, the river serves as a narrow strip of water which connects two larger bodies of water.. Remaining forest stands, such as oak savannas as well as lakeplain prairies, are found along the southern reaches of the river, particularly on the islands of the St. Clair River Delta and on the Michigan shore in Algonac State Park. About one-third to one-half of the residents of Michigan receive their water from the St. Clair/Detroit River waterway. Its northern portion has an average width of 0.8 km and depth of 8-18 m. It is part of the Great Lakes system and along with the St. Clair River and Detroit River, Lake St. Clair connects Lake Huron (to its north) with Lake Erie (to its south). The St. Clair River has been considered an AOC because conventional pollutants such as bacteria, heavy metals, toxic organics, contaminated sediment, fish consumption advisories, impacted animal and plant life, and beach closings.. This is a rather shallow lake for its size, with an average depth of about 11 feet (3.4 m), and a maximum natural depth of 21.3 feet (6.5 m). This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Saint-Clair-River, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - St. Clair River, United States. Chart 14848) Lower St. Mary’s River (N.O.S. Up-to-date, print-on-demand NOAA nautical chart for U.S. waters for recreational and commercial mariners. St. Clair River, Marine City . Its total surface area is about 430 square miles (1,100 km 2). The St. Clair River AOC includes the entire river, from the Blue Water Bridge at the north end, to the southern tip of Seaway Island, west to St. Johns Marsh and east to include the north shore of Mitchells Bay on Lake St. Clair. Project depth is 27.5 feet 49.7M tons of material traversed the channels in 2018 Approximately 14.5 miles of federal channels Dickinson Island Confined Disposal Facility (CDF) has provided a suitable placement site for material dredged from the St. Clair River and Lake St. Clair since 1980 and is Print on Demand NOAA Nautical Chart Map 14852, St. Clair River;Head of St. Clair River St. Clair's maximum depth is only 21 feet (6.4 meters), a mere fraction of Lake Superior's maximum depth of 1,332 feet (406 meters). Algonac, 8. The lake is the border between the United States and Canada. Fishing spots and depth contours layers are available in most Lake maps. "Some Thoughts on Isostatic Rebound as a Hypothetical Factor in Lake and Strait Characteristics in the Great Lakes", https://www.geocaching.com/geocache/GC5JX78_st-clair-river, https://www.lre.usace.army.mil/Missions/Great-Lakes-Information/Outflows/Discharge-Measurements/St-Clair-River/, "Beneficial Use Impairments for the Great Lakes AOCs", http://www.sustreport.org/lakes/lakes_timeline.htm#seventies, Dan Egan, "Lakes Michigan, Huron hit record low water level", https://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov/gldatums.html, https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/data/wlevels/lowlevels/plot/MichHuron.jpg, U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: St. Clair River, Conference of Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Governors and Premiers, Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St._Clair_River&oldid=992021955, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Restrictions on fish and wildlife consumption, Restrictions on drinking water consumption, or taste and odor, Bird or animal deformities or reproduction problems, Restrictions on drinking water consumption, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 01:57. The depth values in this dataset appear to have been rounded and binned together through an unknown process.  The St. Clair River has undergone several projects and clean up to remove the BUIs that affected the area. The RAP for the St. Clair River AOC was initiated in 1985. Most of the watershed away from the river in Ontario and Michigan is used for agriculture. Its northern portion has an average width of 0.8 km and depth of 8-18 m. St Clair River, 64 km long, flows in a southerly direction, connecting Lake HURON in the N with Lake ST CLAIR in the S, and forms the international boundary between Canada and the US. Iron was taken to Ashtabula, Ohio and other industrial cities for processing and steel manufacture, and grain was often shipped through to major eastern markets such as Cleveland and New York City. The most dense concentration of industry, including a large petrochemical complex, lies along the Ontario shore south of Sarnia. European demand for American furs, especially beaver, was high until the 1830s. The … There is currently only 2 BUIs left on the St. Clair River, and once those 2 are removed, the river might go through the delisting process. Lake Saint Clair depth map and nautical chart "The map shows depth of lake St. Clair. U.S. Geological Survey. There were numerous sugar beet farms in the flatlands, and an annual beet market was held in Marine City, Michigan, for years at harvest time. Much of the shoreline on both sides of the St. Clair River is urbanized and extensively industrialized. It has a total surface area of about 430 square miles and average depth of just 11 ft. Flowing southward into Lake Saint Clair, with a fall of 5.7 feet (1.7 m) in 39 miles (63 km), the river discharges through a silty, seven-mouth delta, with the South Channel (27-foot [8-metre] minimum depth) used for deep-drafted vessels. Lake St Clair is an expansive shallow basin, with low, marshy shores and a flatly sloping bottom. Coordinates: 42°31′59″N 82°40′29″W / 42.53306°N 82.67472°W / 42.53306; -82.67472, List of beneficial use impairments that has impacted the St. Clair River.  Industries including petroleum refineries, chemical manufacturers, paper mills, salt producers, and electric power plants also need high-quality water for their operations. The St. Clair river holds so many walleye because of where it is located. On the Michigan / Canadian border, DoC Mapping completed a full-range topographic, bathymetric and depth of cover analysis on lines that cross the St. Clair River near Marysville, MI. Anchor Bay is not included. Chart 14848) Detroit River (N.O.S. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. A 22 -acre diked disposal area is on the W side of Harsens Island about 1.2 miles below the junction with North Channel. The river is 40.5 miles (65.2 km) long and drops 5 feet (2 m) in elevation from Lake Huron to Lake St. Clair. The St. Clair river connects Lake Huron to Lake Saint Clair which eventually leads to the Detroit river down to Lake Erie. The United States found that 10 out of 14 of the beneficial use impairments (BUI) were impaired, which would lead to a $21 million investment from the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative. Our editors will review what youâve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This figure does not include the Sydenham River watershed. Historically Sarnia was founded as a fur trading post. River ; Boats ; If you enjoy watching ships, look no further! The river is 40.5 miles (65.2 km) long and drops 5 feet (2 m) in elevation from Lake Huron to Lake St. Clair. When you purchase our Nautical Charts App, you get all the great marine chart app features like fishing spots, along with SAINT CLAIR RIVER MICHIGAN marine chart. It is roughly halfway between the mouth of the St. Clair river and the head of the Detroit River. Lake St. Clair is shallow, averaging 10 feet (3 meters) deep. The river is an important link in the St. Lawrence Seaway, and the main ports are Port Huron, Mich., and Sarnia-Clearwater, Ont. Several communities along the St. Clair rely on the river as their primary source of drinking water. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although by the size of its...â¦, Ontario, second largest province of Canada in area, after Quebec. This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the St. Clair River from Lake St. Clair upstream to Lake Huron. Currents for the following locations in the St. Clair River are given at high water flow of 230,000 cubic feet per secon d (cfs), medium water flow of 188,000 cfs, and low water flow of 130,000 cfs, respectively. It remains there, slowly mixing with the water.. A bi-national group called the RAP Team, which included representatives from federal, state, and provincial governments of both Canada and the United States was established in 1987 to develop the plan and to ensure adequate and appropriate public involvement. Flowing southward into Lake Saint Clair, with a fall of 5.7 feet (1.7 m) in 39 miles (63 km), the river discharges through a silty, seven-mouth delta, with the South Channel (27-foot [8-metre] minimum depth) used for deep-drafted vessels. It is part of the Great Lakes system and along with the St. Clair River and Detroit River, Lake St. Clair connects Lake Huron (to its north) with Lake Erie (to its south). You can buy marine charts from our partners (follow the link at the bottom of the map). This record low has raised concerns about the long-term health of the lakes. In the 18th century, French voyageurs and coureurs des bois travelled on the river to trade with the Ojibwa and other regional Native Americans and transport furs in canoes to major posts of French and British traders, including Fort Detroit, built in 1701 downriver below Lake St. Clair. Lake Huron, second largest of the Great Lakes of North America, bounded on the west by...â¦, Michigan, constituent state of the United States of America. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The upland forests consist of deciduous species, many of which are near their northern climatic limit. It branches into several channels near its mouth at Lake St. Clair, creating a broad delta region known as the St. Clair Flats. Lumber harvested on The Thumb of Michigan was shipped downriver as log rafts to Detroit for processing and export. The aquatic habitat of the St. Clair River ranges from deep and fast near the Blue Water Bridge to shallow and slow in the lower river near its discharge point into Lake St. Clair. For example, all values under 2 m are reported as 0.3 m, 0.6 m, 0.9 m, 1.2 m, 1.5 m and 1.8 m. This trend continues The flow rate averages around 182,000 cubic feet per second (5,200 m3/s), and the drainage area is 223,600 square miles (579,000 km2). However, it is 27 feet (8.2 m) deep in the navigation channel which is dredged for lake freighter passage by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The average diameter of the bed- load ranges between 1.98 and 2.64 mm (Duane 1967). Two lines and one line bundle were reported on in an area where swift currents and busy shipping channels are present. 27 ft. St. Clair Light N42 27.908 W82 45.270 While not exactly in the center of the Lake, the St. Clair Light is central to the landmarks that let us know where we are on Lake St. Clair. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Freighters on the lower Saint Clair River. Omissions? In the early 20th century, lake steamers carried passengers and traveled among the small towns along the St. Clair and Detroit rivers, and around the Great Lakes. This live webcam is from Marine City in the eastern part of the state of Michigan, towards Saint Clair River, which forms part of the boundary between the United States, and Canada (province of Ontario). Online copy is available to read for free and print magazine copies available February 1 each year. It has a total surface area of about 430 square miles and average depth of just 11 ft. The mean annual flow (1900–1986) of the river is 5,200 m 3 s –1, with monthly mean discharges from 3,000 to 6,700 m 3 s –1 (Coordinating Committee 1988). The St. Clair River is a 40.5-mile-long river in central North America which flows from Lake Huron into Lake St. Clair, forming part of the international boundary between the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of Michigan. A few forest and wetland areas have survived. The river is a significant component in the Great Lakes Waterway, whose shipping channels permit cargo vessels to travel between the upper and lower Great Lakes. The Blue Water Bridge between Port Huron and Sarnia. The river, which some consider a strait, flows in a southerly direction, connecting the southern end of Lake Huron to the northern end of Lake St. Clair. The flow rate averages around 182,000 cubic feet per second, and the drainage area is 222,400 square miles. An AOC is an area within the Great Lakes, that has suffered from environmental destruction. federal depth of the st clair river from the lower end of st clair middle ground leading west upstream about 12.5 miles just above the mouth of the black river through the natural deep water to the head of the river at lake huron? Their area has declined significantly since European-American settlement, clearing, and development of cultivated fields for various agricultural crops. Land areas of the St. Clair River shoreline and flats consist of two biological zones: upland and transitional, both of which are normally above the water table, but which may be flooded periodically. This takes into account the combined drainage areas of Lakes Huron, Michigan, and Superior.  However as of October 2020, the Lake Huron water is averaging 581.5 feet above sea level, which is considerably above the Datum of 577.5 feet, and above the Mean Long-Term Water Level of 578.8 feet. During the 20th century, lake freighters, increasingly made of steel, traveled throughout the Great Lakes, transporting commodities such as iron ore from the Mesabi Range, copper, and grain, all products of settlers' labor. Saint Clair River is covered by the Saint Clair Flats, MI US Topo Map quadrant Fort Gratiot Depth Below LWD Depth Below LWD Click Logo for Latest Gauge Reading Detroit & St. Clair Rivers St. Mary’s River Detroit River (N.O.S. St. Clair Light N42 27.908 W82 45.270 While not exactly in the center of the Lake, the St. Clair Light is central to the landmarks that let us know where we are on Lake St. Clair. Its background report noted the adverse effects of pollution in the river and lakes: According to the Stage 1 Remedial Action Plan (RAP), the reasons for the Loss of Fish and Wildlife Habitat beneficial use impairment (BUI) in the St. Clair River were general loss of the aquatic plant community due to industrial, agricultural, recreational, and urban developments. With few depositional sites, sediment depo- sition is very limited along the channel itself. The river is home to spawning walleye from Saginaw bay plus a travel corridor for walleye moving between Lake Erie and Saginaw Bay. The St Clair River flows south and enters the northern part of the lake through several channels of a wide delta area. Chart 14852, St. Clair River;Head of St. Clair River Updates? The Nautical charts if free for use and can help you navigate and fishing. A beneficial use impairment is a change within the physical, biological, and chemical consistency that causes significant environmental degradation. A large blob of perchloroethylene was found at the bottom of the St Clair River due to runoff from Dow Chemical Corp in 1985. Each area provides a unique habitat for aquatic life: The St. Clair River is a binational Area of Concern (AOC) that borders both the United States and Canada. St. Clair Shores, 7. The flow rate averages around 182,000 cubic feet per second (5,200 m3/s), and the drainage area is 223,600 square miles (579,000 km2). The St. Clair River (French: Rivière Sainte-Claire) is a 40.5-mile-long (65.2 km) river in central North America which flows from Lake Huron into Lake St. Clair, forming part of the international boundary between the Canadian province of Ontario and the U.S. state of Michigan. Mouth of Black River, 10. Most pre-European settlement trees have been cleared for agriculture, industry, or urbanization. Since the late 20th century and passage of environmental laws to protect air and water quality, there have been occasional incidents when some of these industries have illegally contaminated river waters after discharging pollutants. Activists urge remediation to slow the flow of waters through the St. Clair River and out of the lake system, to restore former water levels. The river is 40.5 miles (65.2 km) long and drops 5 feet (2 m) in elevation from Lake Huron to Lake St. Clair. A bi-national Great Lakes water-level study concluded in 2013 that unexpected erosion since the last major St. Clair dredging project in the early 1960s has dropped the lakes' long-term average by an additional 3 to 5 inches. Through the Great Lakes Agreement, a Remedial Action Plan (RAP) was created to initiate cleanup measures. Saint Clair River, outlet for Lake Huron, forming part of the boundary between Michigan, U.S. (west), and Ontario, Can. Major clean-up activities were required. the St. Clair River. Today, these lakes are nearly 2 feet lower than before human modifications to the riverbed of the St. Clair River. St. Clair is at a stage of 573.9 feet (174.9 meters) above mean water level at Rimouski, Quebec, on International Great Lakes Datum 1985 (IGLD 1985), that is … In Michigan, the Black, Pine, and Belle rivers drain 780,600 acres (315,900 ha) in Lapeer, Macomb, Sanilac, and St. Clair counties; the watersheds around Bunce Creek and Marine City are relatively small. Visit Lake St. Clair today, and let the Lake St. Clair Guide Magazine be your navigator. The St. Clair delta is the world’s largest delta that enters a freshwater lake. St. Clair River. The Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter including adjusting water level offset and custom depth shading. (east). This habitat is home to water and land mammals, including humans, as well as songbirds, waterfowl, insects, pollinators, reptiles, and amphibians. It occupies the strip...â¦. 14848 - Detroit River; 14850 - Lake St. Clair; 14852 - St. Clair River;Head of St. Clair River; 14854 - Trenton Channel and River Rouge;River Rouge; 14860 - Lake Huron; 14862 - Port Huron to Pte aux Barques;Port Sanilac;Harbor Beach; 14863 - Saginaw Bay;Port Austin Harbor;Caseville Harbor;Entrance to Au Sable River;Sebewaing Harbor;Tawas Harbor The St. Clair River and its Lambton County tributaries in Ontario contribute 103,210 acres (41,770 ha) to the watershed.  After several habitat projects, only two impairments exists: the Restrictions on Fish and Wildlife Consumption and the Restrictions on Drinking Water Consumption or Taste and Odor Problems. Corrections? USGS 04159130 ST. CLAIR RIVER AT PORT HURON, MI. Federal officials have long acknowledged that dredging and riverbed mining in the St. Clair dropped the long-term average of Great Lakes Huron and Michigan by about 16 inches. The USGS (U.S. Geological Survey) publishes a set of the most commonly used topographic maps of the U.S. called US Topo that are separated into rectangular quadrants that are printed at 22.75"x29" or larger. This takes into account the combined drainage areas of Lakes Huron, Michigan, and Superior.  This takes into account the combined drainage areas of Lakes Huron, Michigan, and Superior. Besides being a boater’s & waterfront activity paradise, Bassmaster’s continues to rank Lake St. Clair as one of the U.S. best stops for fishing!
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