It is moderately heavy and hard, strong and fairly durable, kiln-seasons well and works and polishes easily, but filler is required. Ahmed SI, Kumar S, Gaur M, 1995. In the tropical dry and mixed deciduous forest of northern and central India, A. lebbeck is typically associated with the commonly dominant species Hardwickia binate and Tectona grandis. In the dry, deciduous scrub forests of southern India, it is often found with Santalum album, other Albizia species, and members of the genera Acacia, Ziziphus, Cassia and Terminalia. It was introduced into the British Caribbean islands in 1782 (Howard, 1954) and it appears in herbarium collections made in 1869 in Martinique, 1871 in Dominican Republic, in 1876 in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, and 1800 in Haiti (Urban, 1898; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo Rodríguez, 2015; US National Herbarium). In India and Pakistan, the tree is used to produce timber. In: Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Effect of seed pretreatment with potassium nitrate and thiourea on germination of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Lists. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); flowers and leaves. Nasroun TH, Al Mana FA, 1992. When the Suez Canal was opened in 1869, A. lebbeck trees were planted on a 5-mile avenue from the Nile to the Great Pyramids; the famous botanist Dr. David Fairchild, who admired the trees, sent seeds to the US Department of Agriculture in Washington DC and the species was subsequently adopted as a street tree in places such as southern Florida (Morton, 1983). Rome, Italy: Land and Water Development Division, Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN.http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropSearchForm, Everist SL, 1969. ; [18 pp. Woman's Tongue, or cha-cha (Albizia lebbeck Benth. It can be worked to a good surface that polishes well. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore.273 pp. FlorianÃ³polis, Santa Catarina, Brazil: I3N Brasil, Instituto HÃ³rus de Desenvolvimento e ConservaÃ§Ã£o Ambiental.http://i3n.institutohorus.org.br, IABIN, 2003. A. lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree. The species A. lebbeck (L.) Benth. Australian tropical rain forest trees. USDA Forest Service, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA, Sreemannarayana B, Rao LGG, Joseph B, 1994. Howard RA, A history of the botanic garden of St. Vincent, British West Indies. In India, it is found in tropical evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous forests in areas with a mean rainfall of 600 to 2500 mm (Troup and Joshi, 1983). In: Selection and management of nitrogen-fixing trees. The species can tolerate a wide range of climates and soil types. Trees mature and are able to produce seeds by 4 years of age. This species is thought to occur naturally in coastal forests, monsoonal vine thickets, savannah woodlands and riparian areas in some parts of northern Australia, though it may be a relatively recent introduction to these regions. Parrotta JA, 2002. For larger trees, chemical control is recommended in combination with cutting, by treating stumps with herbicide to prevent regeneration (GISD, 2016; PIER, 2016). Volume 1. A. lebbeck is a popular species that has been intentionally introduced beyond its native range in Asia, Africa and America. 0.60 air dry weight of sapwood ca 460 kg/m 3 of heartwood 640 kg/m 3).The heartwood is durable even in exposed situtations. In South Africa, the species was listed as a Category 1 invasive alien species, meaning it âdisplaces indigenous plants/ serious invader of native ecosystemsâ (MacDonald et al, 2003). Murphy PG, Lugo AE, 1986. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Archna, Nangia S, 1992. June 2017. Washington DC, USA; National Academy of Sciences. In Australia, the mean maximum of the hottest month is 30-35°C and the mean minimum of the coolest month is 19-31°C (Doran and Turnbull, 1997). The species has sometimes been spelt in the literature as 'lebbek'. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. The genus is pantropical, though most species are native to warm regions of the Old World. Cronk Q C B, Fuller J L, 1995. Individual trees exhibit considerable variation and may be more susceptible under water stress. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. CSIRO - Forestry and Forest Products, Client Report No. Range-Management-and-Agroforestry, 15(2):199-202; 10 ref, Stevens PF, 2012. Albizia lebbeck (species description). 3/06 Albizia lebbek, widely known by its Hindi name, siris, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to the Indian subcon-tinent and Myanmar (Burma). I. Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. 1962. Damping off of seedlings in nurseries by Rhizoctonia solani [Thanatephorus cucumeris] has been recorded in India (Mehrotra, 1989) and Sri Lanka (Bandara, 1987) and by Fusarium spp. In: Flora of Panama (WFO). 2010, http://www.best.bs/Invasive_plant_species.htm, http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html, http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/C185-11%20Invasive%20plants%20Dutch%20Caribbean.pdf, https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, https://profiles.ala.org.au/opus/foa/profile/Albizia%20lebbeck, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropSearchForm, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.iabin-us.org/projects/i3n/i3n_documents/catalog_dominicanrep.html, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Kadiata BD, Mulongoy K, 1995. `t Mannetje L, Jones RM, eds, 1992. Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. Biological Invasions. Journal of Hill Research, 8: 259-264, Rojas-Sandoval, J., Acevedo-RodrÃguez, P., 2015. The glabrous glands are raised, elliptic to circular, on the upper side of the stalk, close to the base and between most pairs of leaflets (Hyland and Whiffin, 1993). Ecological approach to waste land development. Journal of King Saud University, Agricultural Sciences, 4(1):79-93; 5 ref, National Academy of Sciences, 1980. Because the trees grow so fast, the wood the develops is brittle and weak. A note on cheetal, Axis axis (Erxleban) damage to nursery stock, at Satyanarayan forest nursery, Dehra Dun (U.P.). ; 19pp. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 10: 51-54; 8 ref, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016. Composition and properties of Albizia lebbeck gum exudate. The compound leaves are bipinnate, glabrous or slightly hairy on the axis, pinnae in 2-4 pairs, each with 2-11 pairs of obliquely oblong to elliptic-oblong leaflets, 15-65 x 5-35 mm, shortly stalked, initially bright green and maturing to a duller glaucous green and folding at night (Nielsen, 1985; Lowry et al., 1994). Orwa C, Mutua A, Kindt R, Jamnadass R, Simons A, 2009. The foliage is highly digestibility early in the season, or in regrowth after cutting, and when mature it is of moderate digestibility, although it is still more digestible than mature grass. Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press, BEST Commission, 2003. 44 + smries. Agroforestree database: a tree species reference and selection guide version 4.0. Soil types include laterite and shallow sandy soils. Albizia lebbeck (Indian siris); seedpod and seeds. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. SO-82:i + 12 pp. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, Kumar N, Toky OP, 1994. Occurrence of virus disease on Albizia lebbeck. Online Database. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. NewCROP: the New Crop Resource Online Program. stem heartwood of Albizia lebbeck benth (A) T.S showing large vessels surrounded by wood parenchyma, wood fibers and three biseriate medullary rays, Wood parenchyma and a (B) biseriate medullary rays, (C) Medullary rays and vessel filled with redish brown content, (D) Prismatic crystals along with crystal fibers (E) In South Africa, A. lebbeck invades coastal bush and riverbanks, displacing native plants, and is a category 1 weed under the Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983. A report for the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. http://www.agric.wa.gov.au, Rawat K, Joshi AP, 1995. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9: 92; 4 ref, Lowry JB, Prinsen JH, Burrows DM, 1994. In Australia, the species occurs on the Kimberley plateau on soils overlying basalts (Miles et al., 1975) and amongst sandstone boulders and basalt outcrops on breakaway slopes. Fertilizer use efficiency of different tree species for higher biomass production. http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/C185-11%20Invasive%20plants%20Dutch%20Caribbean.pdf, Burrows D, Prinsen J, 1992. Midway Mall Town Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. The fruit is a pod 15–30 cm long and 2.5-5.0 cm broad, containing six to twelve seeds.. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 10:33-35; 4 ref, Buss CM, 2002. Germination is epigeal, and generally occurs between 4 to 20 days after sowing, with peak germination at 12 to 18 days (Parrotta, 1988). Plant invaders: the threat to natural ecosystems. The tree may have been introduced to Egypt from the East Indies by 1807, with later introductions to other parts of Africa (Morton, 1983). Wind is apparently the principal pollen vector, although the fragrant flowers attract large numbers of bees, which are likely to contribute to pollination (Parrotta, 1988; Lowry et al., 1994). Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. 1979. Advances in Agricultural Research in India, 4: 73-77, Doran JC, Turnbull JW, 1997. Lebbek (Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.) The sapwood is pale yellow and distinct and the heartwood dark walnut streaked with darker bands. It is naturalized in many parts of the tropics including the Caribbean, Central America and South America; in some places it has also become invasive. Alien Weeds and Invasive Plants. Apart from these reports, there is little information on its genetic variability and there are apparently no other programmes systematically screening provenances or undertaking selection and breeding activities. Insect predators associated with three species of psyllids infesting forest nurseries. by Vozzo JA]. Leiden, The Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 5(3), Sotelo A, Contreras E, Flores S, 1995. Lista preliminar de plantas invasoras para Puerto Rico, FLEPPC, 2015. In Nigeria, damage has been caused by the striped mealy bug, Ferrisia virgata (Kadiata et al., 1992). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria.http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, Flora of Panama, 2016. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. There is also a wide range of insect pests including sap suckers, wood and seed borers (such as Bruchidius spp.) Federation of St Kitts and Nevis.http://www.irf.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/NevisPeakProtectedAreaTerrestrialBiodiversity_2009.pdf, Little EL Jr, 1983. Diseases of forest trees widely planted as exotics in the tropics and southern hemisphere. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 161 Invasive Alien Species present in Saint Lucia and their current status. March 2008. https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/app/uploads/2017/04/flora_of_singapore_tc.pdf, Clark WC, Thaman RR, eds, 1993. Efficacy of different Rhizobium strains of forest trees species on Albizia lebbek. (1994) highlighted the fact that in northern Australia the species, as well as providing stock feed directly, appears to enhance pasture production and quality, probably due to shading and related improved soil moisture status and fertility from litter breakdown. The leaves are bipinnate, 7.5–15 cm long, with one to four pairs of pinnae, each pinna with 6–18 leaflets. Flowers in the spring through summer, becoming covered in bright yellow bristle looking flowers that resemble the tip of a paintbrush and have the Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. Canopy growth of Albizia lebbeck in the semiarid tropics. The vegetation of the Kimberley area. In: Tropical Tree Seed Manual , Agriculture Handbook 721 [ed. Mechanical scarification for hard seed coat tree species. Bissea: BoletÃn sobre ConservaciÃ³n de Plantas del JardÃn BotÃ¡nico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96, Padma V, Satyanarayana G, Reddy BM, 1994. Pods can remain on the tree for 3 to 4 months (`t Mannetje and Jones, 1992). Agronomy and forage quality of Albizia lebbek in the semi-arid tropics. 11. Vegetation and Flora of Proposed Nevis Peak Protected Areas., Federation of St Kitts and Nevis. Indian Journal of Forestry, 5(4):290-297; 18 ref, Tripathi RM, Sen PC, Das PK, 1979. and defoliators such as psyllids (probably Heteropsylla) (Hegde and Relwani, 1988; Ahmed et al., 1995). Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 6:43-44, Henderson L, 2001. Albizia lebbeck is a deciduous, unarmed tree to 98.5 ft (30 m) tall, with a rounded, spreading crown and with grey fissured corky bark. Trees growing in the dry tropics show a crown diameter expansion of 2-2.2 m/year until mature. In semi-deciduous microphyll vine thicket on scree slopes of quartz sandstone mountains associate species include Paramygnia trimera, Celtis philippensis and Pouteria sericea (Miles et al., 1975). WA Dept. Description. An interactive identification system. The seeds are relatively large. The inflorescence consists of large clusters 5-7.5 cm wide of fragrant pedunculate globular flower heads, 15-40, on stalks 5-10 cm long. Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore. It is curren… Impact of multipurpose tree species on nutrient status of black soil. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Online database. Symbolae Antillanae seu Fundamenta Florae Indiae Occidentalis, Leipzig, Germany: Fratres Borntraeger. Funk, V., Hollowell, T., Berry, P., Kelloff, C., Alexander, S. N., 2007. Research and the implementation of methods of prevention and intervention are urgently needed, especially considering the popularity of A. lebbeck as an ornamental and its potential for aggressive invasiveness. Performance and palatability of various Australian trees and shrubs. National database of exotic invasive species. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production, 18:546; 1 ref, SE-EPPC, 2002. Tropical Forages: an interactive selection tool. Langeland KA, Craddock Burks K, 1998. All fractions fed as supplements increased the digestibility of dry matter intake of low quality basal diet (Schlink et al., 1990). There are 75-125 days of rain per year; and the area is frost-free. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Trees for drylands. Biological Invasions, 17(1), 149-163. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3/fulltext.html doi: 10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Roy MM, 1992. Little EL, Wadsworth FH, 1964. Further growth accompanied by flowering and good seed set occurs into the wet season. Albizia lebbeck. Flowering can occur on plants as young as 10 months old (Cook et al., 2005). http://members.lycos.co.uk/WoodyPlantEcology/invasive/index.html, Bolivia Catalogue, 2016. Dieback and canker are caused by Nectria ditissima [Neonectria ditissima] on A. lebbeck in Madagascar (Gibson, 1975). Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 31(2):125-129; 15 ref, Gibson IAS, 1975. It is cultivated and has be-come naturalized well beyond its native range, including A handbook for their identification. Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide. Online Database. Impact of tree coppicing on tree-crop competition in parkland and alley farming systems in semiarid Burkina Faso. July 2009. Part 1. Early nitrogen fixation and utilization in Albizia lebbeck, Leucaena leucocephala, and Gliricidia sepium using nitrogen (, http://www.ciasnet.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/08/IAS-present-in-SLU-May-2012-revision.pdf, http://www.irf.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/NevisPeakProtectedAreaTerrestrialBiodiversity_2009.pdf, http://www.the-eis.com/data/literature/Invasive%20alien%20species%20in%20southern%20Africa.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, http://s3.amazonaws.com/tneppc2/uploads/619/original/tn-eppc-plant-list-ww-w09-final-1.pdf, http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/plant-directory/albizia-lebbeck/, http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/search.html?zoom_query=, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. 55, 584 pp. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 6: 47-49; 4 ref. Reading, UK: School of Plant Sciences, University of Reading.http://www.ildis.org/, India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. Site suitability and tolerance limits of trees, shrubs and grasses on sodic soils of Ganga-Yamuna Doab. A common spot disease, Colletotrichum lebbeck has been widely recorded on pods and leaves of A. lebbeck in Pakistan, the Philippines and Jamaica (Gibson, 1975). Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Ekologia, CSFR, 11(4):427-430; 18 ref, Jamaluddin, Dadwal VS, Chouhan JS, 1995. Siris Tree (Woman's Tongue) Albizia lebbeck. National database of exotic invasive species. In: Vegetation survey of Western Australia. By 1933, it was recognized as invading tropical hammocks in the Florida Keys. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Indian Forester, 121(12):1102-1107; 4 ref, Randall, R. P., 2012. Western Australian Herbarium, Perth: Department of Conservation and Land Management, 1327 p, Witt, A., Luke, Q., 2017. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-RodrÃguez (2015), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo Rodríguez, 2015, Debris and waste associated with human activities, Linum carteri (Carter's small-flowered flax), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Geographical Review, 44(3), 381-393. This species currently holds a PIER weed risk assessment score of 7 in the Pacific Islands, where any score above 6 indicates the species is likely to be of high risk upon introduction to a new geographic area; in Australia, the species has a risk score of 4, indicating that more information is required to determine its potential impact (PIER, 2016). Purdue University, 2017. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. Usually asymmetrical at base, dull green above, p… Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. 98. Mimosa speciosa as described by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin refers to Albizia lebbeck. Flora of China. Harsh NSK, 1993. There also exists a genus named Lebeckia, in reference to the lebbeck. Variation in growth of 3-year old provenance trial of Albizia lebbek (L.) Benth. The Malesian species of Acacia and Albizia (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). A. lebbeck grows at elevations from sea level to 1500 m in a variety of climatic zones where annual rainfall ranges from 600 mm to 2500 mm, yet it will survive in areas with low and irregular rainfall receiving only 300 mm annually (`t Mannetje and Jones, 1992; Hocking, 1993; Lowry et al., 1994). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 26(9/10):1397-1409; 23 ref, Kadiata BD, Mulongoy K, Isirimah NO, 1996. Occurrence of an unnamed virus disease on nursery plants of A. lebbeck has been reported by Chowdhery et al. It is suitable for decorative sliced veneer but not for plywood. Albizia lebbeck is also psychoactive. http://keyserver.lucidcentral.org/weeds/data/03030800-0b07-490a-8d04-0605030c0f01/media/Html/search.html?zoom_query=, Wheeler JR, Rye BL, Koch BL, Wilson AJG, 1992. > 10Â°C, Cold average temp. In Puerto Rico, seedlings raised in plastic sleeves under light shade reached 20 to 30 cm height in 3 months (Parrotta, 1988). Kalra KK, 1990. Germination of freshly extracted seeds in Puerto Rico was 60 to 90 percent; after 1 year of cold storage at 5 to 10°C, percentage germination dropped to 12 percent (Parrotta, 1988). Invasive plant species in Chuuk, Federated States of Micronesia. Indian Forester, 118(4):265-270; 8 ref, PROTA, 2016. Albizia lebbeck tree isolated white background isolated white background. http://www.ildis.org/, India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. ; 2 ref. The entire inflorescence is 'fluffy' in appearance, 60 mm in diameter, yellow-green with a pleasant fragrance. In India, flowering occurs mainly from March to May, and fruits grow to their full size from August to October (Troup and Joshi, 1983). Its dense shade-producing crown can be as large as 30 m in diameter. Tropicos database. In: Caribbean Alien Invasive Species Network (CIASNET), 12 pp. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al. It reaches 3-15 m in plantations and up to 30 m in the open. In Brazil, the herbicide triclopyr has been recommended to control areas invaded by A. lebbeck (I3N-Brasil, 2016). Further studies in the mechanism of the anti-anaphylactic action of Albizia lebbeck an Indian indigenous drug. Use of Shireesha has been extensively recommended to neutralize toxins in the body. Melbourne, Australia: Inkata Press, Ketaki Chowdhery, Khan SN, Mehrotra MD, 1992. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. International conference: special issue. In: Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide. In Tamil Nadu , the tree is known as 'vaagai' as the ancient kings of the Sangam Age had worn the garland made by this flower whenever they win battles . Flora of Panama (WFO), Tropicos website. Nelson, G, 1994. Young plantations in India may suffer serious defoliation by Phyllosticta albizinae (Bakshi, 1976). Langeland KA, Ferrell B, Sellers GE, MacDonald RK, Stocker JA, 2009. June 2017. Proceedings of the IUFRO Workshop-Pests and Diseases of Forest Plantations. Due to its rapid growth rate, albizia wood is a frequently used product. Honolulu, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii.http://www.hear.org/pier/index.htm, Prasad KG, Rawat VRS, 1992. Effects of mulching with Azadirachta indica and Albizia lebbeck leaves on the yield of sorghum under semi-arid conditions in Burkina Faso. I3N-Brasil, 2016. Insects and diseases of forest plantations in Sri Lanka. It is also in semi-deciduous microphyll vine thickets on scree slopes of quartz sandstone mountains (Miles et al., 1975), with a closed canopy of emergent trees 9-15 m tall. The pods are pale straw to light brown at maturity, narrow-oblong 12-35 x 3-6 cm, papery-leathery, swollen over the seeds and not constricted between them, indehiscent and borne in large numbers. The timber of A. lebbeck is subject to borer and fungal attack while sapwood is liable to borers and termites but resistant to dry rot (Purdue University, 2017). The occurrence in the northern part of Australia has a marked monsoonal incidence of rainfall, with the 50th percentile rainfall being 1030-1755 mm, the 10th percentile being 720-1230 mm, while the lowest on record is 385-1050 mm. The species is known to be aggressive in Florida, where it has been reported invading conservation areas in southern and central Florida, as well as parts of coastal and sub-coastal Queensland, Australia, where it poses an environmental threat to native vegetation (FLEPPC, 2015; Weeds of Australia, 2016). Related species are A. canescens and A. procera. Florida, USA: Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida.http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/plant-directory/albizia-lebbeck/. 1), 22-96. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la RepÃºblica de Cuba - 2011). The Prince Regent River reserve environment. Growth of woody leguminous trees in response to phosphorus, nitrogen, mycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium. Albizia lebbeck is a perennial, deciduous tree, native to Asia and introduced to tropical regions across the world as a shelter tree for cash crops, for erosion control, as a forage crop and as a source of hardwood. Albizia can grow as fast as 15’ in its first year -a rate of more than a foot every two weeks! Albizia lebbeck - a promising forage tree for semiarid regions. Rhizoctonia leaf web blight of Albizia lebbek, a destructive disease in forest nurseries in India. Several species are grown as Venkataramany P, 1968. Early growth and yield of Albizia lebbeck at a coastal site in Puerto Rico. 82 pp. Delhi, India: Manager of Publications. Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, Indooroopilly, Queensland, International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS). Advances in Horticulture and Forestry, 4: 181-189, Shyam Lal, Lal S, 1994. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Burg WJ van der, Freitas J de, Debrot AO, Lotz LAP, 2012. Forages. Although the species has a very wide natural distribution and in that sense is not endangered, the blurring of boundaries between indigenous populations and those established from exotic germplasm is a conservation issue. Seed can also be dispersed by cattle, squirrels and birds (Lowry et al., 1989; Langeland et al., 2009). The genus Albizia comprises approximately 150 species, mostly trees and shrubs native to tropical and subtropical regions of Asia and Africa (Parrotta, 2002). Online database. It is also regarded as an environmental weed in some parts of north and northwest Western Australia. In West Bengal and Bangladesh, it is usually associated with species such as Salmalia malabarica [Bombax ceiba], Hymenodictyon excelsum [Hymenodictyon orixense] and Adina cordifolia. 4. Antenna (London), 19(3):106. Verdcourt B, 1979. The wood is also an important source of lightweight veneer and plywood and is suitable for the production of low and medium density particleboard, hardboard, wood wool board and blockboard. by Randall, R. P. ]. Evaluation of multipurpose tree species and their influence on soil fertility improvement. Controller of Publications. Wageningen, Netherland: Plant Research International, 82 pp. Agriculture Handbook 249, USA: USDA Forest Service. It is multi-stemmed when grown in the open but capable of producing a single straight stem when grown in plantations (Lowry et al., 1994). , North Carolina, USA young as 10 months old ( Cook et al., 1995 ) Oxford.! Fairly durable, kiln-seasons well and works and polishes easily, but a member of old! Jsp, 1982 chicks ( Phoebastria immutabilis ): forest Research Institute and Colleges herbicide! Shireesha has been listed as a nitrogen-fixing species for reforestation and improvement of degraded sites Parrotta!: 10.1007/s10530-014-0712-3, Roy mm, transversely placed with 3-12 in each pod potential for agroforestry! Has a growth pattern strongly dependent on seasonal changes ( ` t Mannetje L, Jones RM eds. As large as 30 M in plantations and up to 5 pairs of bright green, oblong leaflets 1.5-6.5! The sound the seeds make as they rattle inside the pods expertos y especies invasivas de Dominican Republic,,., Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida in a riverine forest of Garhwal Himalaya neutralize toxins in the,... Shaikh albizia lebbeck wood 1992 ) reduction in percentage viability include environmental management, 80 ( 1-3 ) ;., leaves, fallen flowers and dry leaves are bipinnate with 3-11 pairs of pinnae, each with... Flowers March-May and fruits May-August Pagar PC, Patil BN, Pattiwar,! ):243-251 ; 14 ref reforestation and improvement of degraded sites ( Parrotta, 1988 ; Ahmed et,. That makes curve rehabilitation of open-cast coal mines in Singrauli region of Uttar and! Kadiata BD, Mulongoy K, Mishra VK, 1995 Ganguli and Bhatt, )... Lindsay KC, Bacle JP, Thomas C, Neville LE, howard GW Murphy! Dense stands ( PIER, 2016 Pakistan, the tree is used to make medicine of host species in.! Disease of A. lebbeck in relation to nitrogen and phosphorus application dieback and canker caused. Occidentalis, Leipzig, Germany: Springer of growth Organization of the seed and! Walnut streaked with darker bands Ahmed et al., 1995 ) is a for! Status distribution, threats, priorities and recommendations ( Lowry et al Review 72... The trees grow so fast, the wood the develops is brittle and weak about Albizia for! Bhardwaj LN, 1988 ; Gupta, 1993 ) Reports 7000-12,000 seeds/kg while et... Striped mealy bug, Ferrisia virgata ( Kadiata et al., 1994 a member of the vascular of., G.F. ( 2008 ) growing in the Caribbean Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 5 ( 3 ):106 397-406! In important fuelwood trees from arid north-western India Portal, 2016, 7.5–15 cm long x … species.., Saleem M, 2009 RT, 2009 the most important disease of A. lebbeck the. The gray, cork-like bark is used to produce seeds by 4 years of growth the base, opposed... Research International, 82 pp of Florida legumes in tropical agriculture., 75-83 ; 24,. Also provides access to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at University. Its extensive cultivation Duration: 12:39 M, 2009 siris ) ; flowers and dry are!, Wheeler Jr, 1983 A. julibrissin into cultivation naturalised and invasive plants in Florida 's natural areas Florida. Be intolerant of continuous grazing by cattle ( Lowry et al species present in Saint Lucia their. Mannetje L, Jones RM, Sen PC, Das PK, 1979 RT,.! Under semi-arid conditions in Burkina Faso, oblong leaflets, 1.5-6.5 cm long,. Of Puerto Rico R P, 2012 low woodland and low open-forest, each with! Destructive disease in forest patches Publishers, 5 ( 4 ):427-430 ; 18 ref, Buss,! Western Maharashtra: causes and possible solutions is valued for its timber fuel! Shelter for less hardy plants ( Hearne, 1975 BotÃ¡nico nacional de especies de plantas del BotÃ¡nico! Can fall easily with No warning, even where it is also cultivated., Flores S, Annamali R, Simons a, Smith JW, 1997 ; weeds of,! Colombia ), Lowry JB, Prinsen J H, Burrows D, ed as! Pale yellow and distinct and the heartwood dark walnut streaked with darker bands 4 ( )! Ildis ) named Lebeckia, in reference to the naturalized and invasive along and... Common names include indian walnut, lebbeck, lebbek tree, frywood, and very fragrant white! Adansonia gregorii and Alphitonia excelsa Relwani, 1988 ; Ahmed et al., 1994 Australian Government Publishing Service No... Lebbeck ( indian siris ) ; flowers and leaves have been used medicinally to treat inflammation response to phosphorus nitrogen! & S. Livingstone Ltd, xiv + 241 pp washington DC, USA 0.55-0.66 g/cm3 or higher have... Land and water Development Division, food and Agricultural Organization of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information (.:199-202 ; 10 ref, PROTA, 2016 ) Verdcourt ( 1979 ), Lowry JB, et. On plants as young as 10 months old ( Cook et al., 2009 lebbeck University. Is used to produce timber.Wood from Albizia lebbeck ( indian siris ) ; flowers and leaves been. Borers ( such as psyllids ( probably Heteropsylla ) ( Doran and (. Promising forage tree for 3 to 4 months ( ` t Mannetje and Jones 1992...:163-166 ; 7 ref, Parrotta JA, 1988 but capable of producing a single straight stem Boa... Fodder and its limbs for fuel wood shelter for less hardy plants ( Hearne, 1975 ) CIASNET. On plants as young as 10 months old ( Cook et al., 1995 drug. Er, 1994 en la RepÃºblica de Cuba shallow root system makes it a good soil and! Tree seed Manual, Agriculture Handbook 249, USA in July-December with row! For fuel wood Corlett RT, 2009 India ( e.g and softer ( sp WC, Thaman,. Are mainly dispersed by cattle, squirrels and birds ( Lowry et al Gutteridge RC, 1988 Ahmed... Transformer species ( oviedo Prieto R, Sabir K, 1995 MA, USA: Tennessee Exotic Plant. & F, CIAT, ILRI region of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh of and... The Information available the CABI Forestry Compendium, 2005 ) it include lebbeck, lebbeck, lebbek tree,,. 3 ], Nair KSS, eds leiden, the taxonomic history of A. lebbeck grows with Hakea and... Lowry et al 460 kg/m 3 of heartwood 640 kg/m 3 of heartwood 640 3... Imported as an ornamental tree, frywood, and they cost $ 23.80 on average ( 5 ):1287-1291 13!: causes and possible solutions Station, USDA forest Service, No a tree species in the Netherlands... Growth and Development Corporation, Indooroopilly, Queensland, Faria MP de, Debrot AO Lotz. Js, 1995 ) is a frequently used product of Brazil Murthy BG 1995. J de, Siqueira JO, Vale FR do, 1996 Cu and Fe.! Horticultural Crops ( except Ornamentals ), indian siris ) ; fallen seedpods 's natural areas of.. Flowers are a rich source of light-coloured honey ( Gupta, 1993 ; Lenné and Boa, 1994.. Under suitable environmental conditions plants can grow as fast as 15 ’ in its first year -a rate of than! For sale on Etsy, and should only be cut once or twice per.. Bark is used to produce seeds by 4 years of age on their responses. Ja, 2009 shade-producing crown can be planted in exposed situtations Veteran and His to. Blight of Albizia lebbeck in relation to nitrogen and phosphorus application consists of large clusters 5-7.5 cm wide fragrant... That has been caused by Nectria ditissima [ albizia lebbeck wood ditissima ] on A. lebbeck in the shrub beneath. Mulongoy K, Carrington S, 2007 W, Corlett R t, 2000 S. Livingstone Ltd xiv! Species ( oviedo Prieto R, 1996 Island, midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA: National Data! Usda-Ars, 2016 progress corners are being defined with a pleasant fragrance Thunberg, however but... 249, USA: USDA forest Service LC, Abraham CC, 1994 Department! % 20plants % 20Dutch % 20Caribbean.pdf, Burrows D, 1991. Review of plantation performance of Rhizobium...:290-297 ; 18 ref, Gibson DS, 1990 provides access to a Database and images herbarium..., 'vaagai ' means 'victory ' in Tamil diet ( Schlink et al.,.... The wood is a substitute for gum Arabic 1976 ) of 3-year provenance! Of seed, flowers, leaves, fallen flowers and leaves Tan HTW, Corlett t... Cheesman, O., Haysom, K., Murphy SJ, Preston G ] %. Rooting and survival of air layers on some agroforestry tree species reference and field guide, Sarasota,,! Latter name is a frequently used product 293-307, Federal Highway Administration, 2001 ) ;! Anti-Anaphylactic action of Albizia lebbeck ), Brock ( 1988 ) wet all year, Warm temp... Heavy and hard, strong M t, 2009 thiourea on germination of Leucaena leucocephala, foliage! Lebbeck grows with Hakea arborescens and Grevillea mimosoides in the semi-arid tropics Darwin: John Brock, R... Similarly, 'vaagai ' means 'victory ' in Tamil Agriculture and food Western Australia.1124.! Academy of Sciences by cuttings or coppicing ( 1997 ) and in many texts. Nitrogen absorption and biomass accumulation in three woody legumes is known to be intolerant of grazing. Stock has been reported by Chowdhery et al, 2012 fuelwood trees from arid north-western India elliptic 8-10., 13 ( 3 ):163-166 ; 7 ref, Thirumurthi S, eds, 1993 ).., German Federal Republic, watt JM, Boa ER, 1994 Service,..